Fabric drapes: Details of the material, Properties, Advantages and Disadvantages
Drapes are a group of dense, massive coat fabrics of card manufacture. The manufacture of the drape became possible only with the appearance of special machines. Drape fabrics have found a lot of fans immediately and for a long time, until now.
1 What woolen fabrics are called drapes?
2 Fabric Drapes Material Features ?
2 Advantages and directions of using drapes
3 How to care for the drape
What woolen fabrics are called drapes? Material Features
Drape is amazing stuff. All our material life by the will of artists is displayed in works of art. The thesis is applicable to woolen fabrics. There are many examples. We will name a few.
A thin red drape is the fabric from which Christian Dior created the dress.
This is the material mentioned in the poetry of the great I. Brodsky (“Kelommaki”, 1982).
A coat of drape appears in one of the variants (A. Broydo) of a street, conditionally censored song of the beginning of the same century “Chicken roasted”. The prototype of the chicken at the time of the accident already clearly did not belong to the higher strata of society.
Drape is a material of all times and estates. The technology of production is complex. He appeared in France only after the invention of special machines. Drape is made from hardware one-piece or twisted yarn. The type of weaving can be simple or double complicated. Depending on the type of weave, drape fabrics are:
-One and a half layers
Single-layer drapes are made from two thread systems. The density of such a fabric is 400-550 g / m 2 .
One-and-a-half layers are the drape fabrics of two-faced weaving of three thread systems. The density of these draps is 500-600 g / m 2 .
Two-layer drapes have, respectively, two-layer weaves of 4-5 thread systems. These fabrics are the most dense (up to 700 g / m 2 ).
By the type of coloring the drapes produce:
Variants of double-layer drape fabrics are interesting. On the outer surface of the drapes there is a pile. Finishing can be different.
In Velor drapes, the pile of short length is oriented perpendicular to the surface of the fabric.
On the outer part of the rutin, the pile can be arranged in stripes along the diagonal, by waves, by the “herringbone”.
In the castor-drape, the pile is pressed.
Ratches are often made of mélange in a steel version, velor and castor in many cases are painted smoothly in black. There is a two-layer drape with a fluffy front surface. It is made of a special thin wool, often additionally adding goat down. This cloth is called drape-moth.
Drapes are made from pure wool or with the addition of chemical fibers. In pure wool fabrics, other raw materials may also be present in small quantities, but the wool content can not be less than 90%. However, over time this figure has decreased to 85%. Strange changes in regulations take place. In semi-woolen drapes, the content of artificial or synthetic fibers can reach 70%.
Drapes differ in purpose.
- Men’s types of this fabric are characterized by high density, weight, thickness, restrained color.
- Female drapes are usually made single-layered, using simple or combined weave. Female drapes subjected to more intensive felting, napping, they are usually painted brighter than mens. Often pile press. In some women’s drapes, the nap is pointedly combed.
Advantages, Directions of using Drapes
The fabric, which has won the recognition of several generations: from great-grandfathers to living descendants, has many virtues.
We shall name the main advantages:
The ability to store heat;
Density, saving from strong winds;
The ability of products to keep their shape ;
Pleasant sensations when touching;
Simplicity of care;
Ease of sewing;
The possibility of using fabrics for weekends and workers, everyday things;
Good compatibility with any accessories.
From the drape they sew a coat: winter, demi-season; cap and hat; costumes ; toys; bags . From the drape fabric with a large content of additives make overalls . Drapes curtain windows, doors, cover furniture, decorate interiors.
How to care for the drape ?
Practical drape fabric does not require frequent maintenance.
- Usually they clean the drape things once at the end of the season. Do it in dry cleaners.
- When wearing everyday, it is enough to use a regular clothes brush.
- Skirts, trousers can be washed gently at home in warm water by hand or with delicate mode in the typewriter.
- To wash the house you should buy special detergents intended only for this fabric.
- Rinse drape things need in a large volume of water, without friction, twisting, or other power actions. The products are then hung to drain water and dry.
- If necessary, things are steamed or smoothed through a damp cloth.
Drape – a universal fabric. Wide assortment, the various prices allow to find always the products, acceptable to people with any level of the income. You can choose an exclusive author’s coat from drape or a simple jacket for trips to the country. Longevity, pleasure from wearing these clothes are guaranteed.